Following the signing of the 2018 peace deal and creation of a transitional government of national unity in February 2020, violence reduced in most of the country. Some armed groups persist with sporadic fighting and related abuses in parts of Central Equatoria and cyclical intercommunal and intersectional violence escalated--putting civilians at risk of injury and death.

Armed groups, including armed youth groups, have restricted humanitarian access to populations in need. The government has arbitrarily detained critics, civil society members, journalists and politicians often holding them for extended periods. No senior leaders have been held to account for conflict related abuses.