A political stalemate has indefinitely delayed parliamentary and presidential elections slated for December 2021. Parliament approved a new Government of National Stability in March 2022 effectively creating a second authority to compete with the 2020-nominated interim Government of National Unity. Armed groups and authorities remain responsible for systematic abuses including long-term arbitrary detention, unlawful killings, torture, and forced disappearances. Hundreds remain missing since the end of the 2019 Tripoli war and thousands remain displaced due to damaged properties and the presence of explosive ordnance, including landmines. Migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees face arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, and extortion by armed groups linked with authorities, armed groups, and smugglers. 

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