Nepal’s current constitution was adopted in September 2015, but impunity for past and continuing violations and the lack of greater inclusion for minority communities have stalled efforts to enforce rights protections. Successive governments have blocked accountability for abuses during the 1996-2006 civil war, which claimed more than 13,000 lives. Ongoing abuses by the security forces continue to go unpunished, further undermining the rule of law. Women and members of marginalized communities are particularly vulnerable to abuses including sexual violence, as well as deprivation of social and economic rights. The Covid-19 pandemic reversed progress in reducing child labor and child marriage.

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